The universal joint is more typically referred to as U-joint. Besides, it can also be known as universal coupling, Cardan combined, and Hooke’s joint, and so on it is a mechanical connection among rotating shafts which are generally not really in parallel but intersecting.
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It can allow positive transmitting of rotating power in a much larger angle than is actually permissible with a flexible coupling. And it can transmit torque as well as motion.
Universal joints could be widely used in all types of energy transmission systems. They have a number of applications. They can be used in meals processing equipment, replacement for costly gearboxes, and drives, and so forth.
Besides, they are also commonly used in connecting power take-off drive shafts in off-highway tractors that operate attracted machineries such as rotary lawn mowers and feed mills.
As is mentioned at the beginning of this short article, a universal joint can also be can be called Cardan joint or even Hooke’s joint. Actually, it does not take the oldest and most common kind of u-joint. This joint is very popular in automotive programs. It can transmit relatively higher torque with minimal great loads.
However, it also has its own disadvantages. For example, by style, these u-joints have difficulty paying for parallel offset and also axial misalignment. Besides, because of its design, even a lubricated Cardan u-joint will require periodic servicing and may leak lubricant.
Common joints can be assigned to 1 of three categories: no constant velocity U-joints, near-constant velocity U-joints, or continuous velocity U-joints. As to the former, it offers the simplest and minimum complex units.
Typical software is to join the generate shaft and differential within automobiles and trucks. Also, they are widely used in mobile gear, farm machinery, and commercial machinery.
As to the second group, the most common type of joint which produces a near-constant velocity includes two back-to-back Cardan important joints, with the second joint having to pay for the speed variations from the first.
Now let us view the third one: constant speed U-joints. It is said that this type of joints can operate much more smoothly and at higher rates of speed than the other two types because of the constant velocity characteristics.
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But they also have many disadvantages. Like they are more complex and pricey. Besides, they do not carry lots as heavy as not constant-velocity types.
According to the over, we can see that the universal shared is also a very important mechanical component. It plays a very important part of power transmission. For that reason, it is also rather necessary to understand something about it.